The ludus belonging to Lentulus Batiatus was the enclosure for all of his gladiators, where they are trained and housed. A few of the gladiators known from his ludus were Spartacus, Crixus and Gannicus.
It was passed on to him from his father and grandfather, both of whom were in the same profession. The ludus was located just outside the villa, where he, his house slaves and his family resided.
The gladiators lived in the lower areas of the ludus. The entrance gate was there, which lead directly onto a training ground. Beyond the training ground is the eating area for the gladiators, and on this floor are their cells and rooms (only the gladiators of higher worth were allowed rooms of their own). The trainee gladiators and others sleep with a few others in cells similar to those in a prison. There is also a bathing area on this level. A barred gate separates the gladiators from the living quarters above the ludus, which house Batiatus, his family and his house slaves. The gate is locked every night when the gladiators are shut away for sleep.
This upper area was far more lavish than the ludus below, befitting for a Roman citizen of moderate standing. There was also a general social area with an ornamental pool in the center and leading off from this are various other rooms, including Batiatus' sleeping quarters and a large pool that serves as a bath.
Lentulus Batiatus employed around 30 guards to maintain his ludus. Around 200 gladiators resided inside the ludus and around 30 house slaves lived in the Villa along with Batiatus and his family.